Heating in the old sailing ships, many of which were in use until the late 1870s, was almost non-existent. ... Hanging or charcoal stoves were used to dry between decks but were used to dry between decks but were of no value in heating the ship. With the advent of steam it became possible to heat our ships. Read more
In a safe spot of the ship there was a clay earth, or a surface covered by wet compacted sand, where an enclosed fire was built to cook fish and other foods that required it, often by boiling them in sea water. One of the foods that many medieval ships carried (at least in the Mediterranean) was dried pasta.
They were floating death traps, tinderboxes, piles of kindling. And they were filled with fire. ... Often the only “stove” was a steel box to hold the fire. The box might be sitting in a bed of sand – a known insulator – or it might contain sand, as a base for the fire.
In sailing ships, the toilet was placed in the bow somewhat above the water line with vents or slots cut near the floor level allowing normal wave action to wash out the facility. Only the captain had a private toilet near his quarters, at the stern of the ship in the quarter gallery.
Often a ship had nothing more than a metal box full of sand, in which the cook could light a fire and heat preserved food. In rough weather, the fire needed to be put out, and men ate raw, salted beef. A more sophisticated arrangement was to hang an iron stove from the beams above on chains.
The stove was placed on stone slabs, which were on a bed of sand to protect the supporting deck from the heat of the stove. The chimney went through the weather deck. Considerable heat was generated in the galley and distributed through out by natural convection.
Wooden sailing ships were extremely vulnerable to fire. ... They are composed of wood (dried, with pitch soaked rope used as caulking) with canvas sails & tarred rope stays (the mobile rope rigging was not tarred but still flammable). This is why “red hot shot” was invented and used against them from shore based forts.
The crew was made to wash themselves at least once a week, which the sailors thought was very strange – they much preferred to keep 'the body's natural oils', which they believed were essential for protection.
We quote verbatim: “The name originates from the French word for stern, la poupe, from Latin puppis. Thus the poop deck is technically a stern deck, which in sailing ships was usually elevated as the roof of the stern or “after” cabin, also known as the “poop cabin”.
For pirates on the open sea, it was almost impossible to transport and maintain an adequate supply of fresh drinking water onboard. Because of this, many seamen drank grog, beer or ale as opposed to water. ... This water and alcohol combination is better known as grog.
Yes. Mostly. Its a vessel spending possibly extended periods out at sea, they may not have always had an area specific designated a kitchen, but there was usually at least someone who knew at-least how to make something editable.
Dried or salted beef, pork, and fish were the sailor's main foods. This meat was kept in large salt barrels in the ship's hold. The sailors also brought live animals, such as pigs, chickens and goats, for fresh meat and milk. Along with their meat, they would also eat hard biscuits, dried beans, peas and onions.
Fires were not allowed on the ship unless the sea was calm. It would have been easy for the ship to catch fire in a rough sea. ... Ship's sails had to be taken care of and mended. So did the ropes and rigging which controlled the sails.
Sailors in the 17th century had it rough. For months, they were away at sea, sustaining themselves on an unsteady diet that included brined beef, dirty water, and tough crackers known as ship biscuit. In the days before pasteurization, seasickness likely came more often from the food than the waves.
They were called shakings. They were saved up and used as toilet paper. Tow is a term for the un-spun fibers of hemp, flax (linen), or jute. I'm not quite sure why ships would carry tow, because they didn't normally have any ability to make their own rope, but tow could also be used as toilet paper.
They would climb down into the heads directly under the Bow Sprit and either poo through the gratings or nets. Larger ships had “seats of ease” - toilets in the same place.
"Head" in a nautical sense referring to the bow or fore part of a ship dates to 1485. The ship's toilet was typically placed at the head of the ship near the base of the bowsprit, where splashing water served to naturally clean the toilet area.
They carried as much water as they could, in barrels and casks. When it rained hard, they caught rain water. There are many accounts of ships that ran out of water, or had to cut back to very small amounts, for days or weeks, until they reached land where water was available, or it rained hard enough to catch water.
One practice is called “careening,” turning a wooden ship on its side to expose the hull. It was the most dangerous time for pirates as it made them vulnerable to attack. Ships' hulls would become thick with grasses, seaweed, worms, mold, and organisms such as barnacles making the ships difficult to steer.
Pirates wore the same clothes for days, weeks, and months on end — garments that became soaked with sweat, blood, and other bodily fluids. When pirates were on land, they may have taken the opportunity to wash their clothes in seawater or whatever water source they could locate. Soap was most likely not involved.
A fire ship or fireship, used in the days of wooden rowed or sailing ships, was a ship filled with combustibles, or gunpowder deliberately set on fire and steered (or, when possible, allowed to drift) into an enemy fleet, in order to destroy ships, or to create panic and make the enemy break formation.
galleon, full-rigged sailing ship that was built primarily for war, and which developed in the 15th and 16th centuries. The name derived from “galley,” which had come to be synonymous with “war vessel” and whose characteristic beaked prow the new ship retained.
There was no way to stay dry on a Pirate Ship. ... Most ships leaked and in rough seas some water still got in through the hatches and gun ports even when closed. The lower decks could therefore be awash with water during a storm. There were no towels or drying rooms and men often slept in their wet clothes.
They worked and slept in cramped space with the conditions of disease, poor food, low pay, and bad weather. Seamen were often cold and wet, the ships sometimes were infested with rats, and a sailors diet usually lacked meat and vegetables, which could lead to malnutrition and sickness, specifically scurvy.